Hitch Class Receiver Sizes FAQ

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Hitch Class Receiver Sizes FAQ


Today were going to go ahead and review the various classes of hitches starting from the smallest working our way up to the largest.Some good terms to know about receiver hitches. Tongue weight. Thats the amount of weight of the trailer thats pushing down on the hitch ball. Trailer weight will be a larger number and that will include the weight of your trailer plus whatever is on top of it or in it.When you get to two-inch receivers, you can use whats called Weight Distribution. Which this is a separate device that goes between the trailer hitch and the trailer. It takes tongue weight, picks it up and what it does it distributes that weight over the axles of the truck and the trailer.

That puts a little bit less stress on the hitch and tongue vehicle allowing to pull a heavier weight.Now starting from Class I receiver hitch. Typically Class Is are ready for 2,000 lbs. which is how much of a trailer that a hitch can pull. Then typically something about 2,000 lbs. of tongue weight which will be the weight of the trailer pushing down on the hitch, in this case the ball.

You will typically find these hitches on smaller vehicles to mid-sized cars. On compact cars youre pretty much going to find this hitch is going to be the only way to go.On our Class I receiver hitches youre going to notice that this square is going to be an inch-and-a-quarter opening. The opening for all the receivers is measured from inside edge to the inside edge.Next one is going to be our Class II receiver hitch where were going to be typically braded at 3,500 lbs. trailer weight pulling capacity and 300 lbs. of tongue weight pushing down on the ball.

A lot of times they look a lot like the Class I hitches except theyre being constructed from a little bit heavier material and probably will have some different attachment points.You normally find Class II receiver hitches on full-size cars, mid-size cars, small SUVs and some crossover vehicles as well. Now our Class IIs will also have an inch-and-a-quarter opening.While the receiver hitches are going to be same dimensions, however, the ball mounts will be a little bit different. A ball mount for a Class II receiver hitch is going be ready for more capacity than a Class I. To prevent you from doing that putting the wrong ball mount in on some Class I hitches, there is a little notch put inside of it to keep you from putting that Class II ball mount inside there.The next one is going to be a Class III receiver hitch, probably the most popular one on the planet. It has a classic two-inch receiver hitch opening.

Now these are available for a lot of vehicles. Typically you can see this on trucks, full-sized cars, large and small SUVs, anything with a pretty long wheelbase. Pretty much anything mid-sized on up.Now the ranges of the Class IIIs that carry vary from the manufacturer of the hitch as well as the manufacturer of the vehicle. Typically on a Class III receiver hitches, the weight carrying capacity is going to be about 3,500 lbs. on the way up to about 6,000 lbs. Of course the weight distribution will increase that and that will change from the manufacturer of the hitch.The next one up is going to be a Class IV receiver hitches. Its still a lot of them will retain the two-inch receiver hitch; however, the whole construction of the hitch will be a lot more heavier duty. In fact, you can see how the collar on this one is a lot thicker than a typical Class III is.Youll see a lot of reinforcements around the hitch itself where it goes up onto the cross-tube and youve got really big slots and heavy thick material through your safety chains. The weight capacity on these guys range from 7,000 lbs. to 12,000 lbs. Again theres going to be more on top of that with weight distribution. Youre typically going to find this on full-sized trucks, full-size SUVs.Now on Class V hitches, things can start changing up a lot. First off its going to be made of a lot heavier material than the rest and obviously youre going to find a couple of different sizes in the receiver opening. The manufacturers will stick with two-inch receive opening and other manufacturers will go up to two-and-a-half inch. Some of the capacities will go up to 18,000 lbs.Depending on the manufacturer you may even find some trailer hitches that go up to 20,000 lbs. Definitely double-check with your vehicle manufacturer to make sure you can pull that kind of weight. Chances are if this is going to be in your vehicle, your truck or SUV is going to be one of the tools in the toolbox as well.Youre going to find this on the worksite, construction sites. Now heres somewhat of a toy 04:28 hauler which has a lot of tongue weight on the trailer, you may have to end up with one of these hitches on your large vehicle because they can handle the extra tongue load quite easily.One other last thing to know is before you put any hitch on your vehicle, you want to double-check with the owners manual and whatever options that you have on your vehicle to make sure you can carry the capacity of trailer that you want.All right, and now to finish it with a quick little overview of the different classes of receiver hitches. .







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