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Heated fluid generated by the transmission, engine or power steering pump flows to the cooler. The air moving over the fins of the cooler cools the fluid, which is then routed back to the transmission, engine or power steering pump in a continuous loop through the return line.
The installer may choose from several options for mounting the cooler. Normally the installer uses the included plastic rods, pads and fasteners, such as part # D13001, to install the cooler. The plastic rods are run through the transmission cooler and through the OEM radiator or air conditioning condensor and secured with the fastener. Another option is to use the rigid mount kit, such as part # D13002, to mount the cooler if there are mounting points where the cooler will be placed. Third, if the mechanic is installing one of the stacked-plate coolers with mounting tabs built into the cooler housing, then a bracket kit such as part # D50020 could be used.
The main difference is in the ability to cool the fluid. The tube-and-fin style has a tube that carries the transmission fluid through the cooler. It is also distinguished by its turbulators, which agitate the fluid to get more of it to contact the aluminum in the tube. Aluminum fins are attached to the outside of the tube and, since aluminum dissipates heat quickly, the heat from the fluid is absorbed by the aluminum, moves out to the fins, and is then carried away from the cooler by the air flowing through the fins on the outside of the cooler. This style of cooler works well but is the least efficient type of cooler that we carry.
Plate-and-fin coolers work on the same principle as the tube-and-fin-style coolers but are more efficient. Plate-and-fin coolers force fluid through much smaller plates that, like the tube-and-fin cooler, cause turbulation (or agitation) of the fluid. But fluid in the plate-and-fin style is cooled better before leaving the cooler because the smaller, flatter plates allow more fluid to contact the aluminum surface inside the cooler.
Stacked-plate coolers are the most efficient coolers. They have the same design as the plate-and-fin style, but they have high-flow turbulators for heavy-duty towing or race applications. The stacked-plate design also includes mounting points for mounting the cooler with the # D50020 Bracket Kit . The stacked-plate design also uses AN (Army-Navy) fittings, which are popular in high-performance and racing applications where the cooler may need to be installed and removed more frequently than in a typical towing setup.
The first consideration would be the size of the cooler. Generally speaking, the larger the cooler, the better the cooling performance will be. If there are similarly sized tube-and-fin coolers and plate-and-fin coolers, then the plate-and-fin cooler will perform better even if it is slightly smaller. The second consideration is the mounting location. If you mount the transmission cooler behind the radiator or between the radiator and air conditioning condenser, a more efficient cooler is required to provide the most efficient cooling.
Because we are in the towing industry, our customers are used to seeing Class ratings on their trailer hitches, so this is an easy way to alert the customer as to which cooler is the most efficient for their towing needs. Therefore we use the Class rating to let customers know that if they have a Class II hitch on their vehicle, then a Class II cooler should be sufficient, but they can always use a larger cooler for more cooling if they like.
The general rule is that transmission fluid cannot be cooled too much, so using the largest cooler that will fit is a good idea, especially if you are towing. The only reason not to add the largest cooler possible would be if you live in a very cold climate where temperatures are commonly below 0 degrees and you have a transmission cooler installed. This would warrant warming the engine for a few minutes. Most people warm the engine in these cold conditions anyway, so size is not a factor.
No. As long as it is properly installed, a transmission cooler will not affect a factory transmission. It is a flow-through device and does not affect any internal components of the transmission. A transmission cooler will just help to prolong the life of the transmission by keeping the fluid cooler. Transmission fluid cannot be cooled too much, so the addition of a cooler is a good idea, especially if you are towing.
Yes. The transmission cooler is a flow-through device and operates anytime the engine is running. The fluid will flow from the transmission to the OEM cooler and then to the aftermarket cooler; and finally, the cooled fluid flows back to the transmission in a continuous loop.
The cooler itself is not the custom-fit part. We have transmission coolers in the fitguide because some vehicles, mostly GM, Ford and Chrysler/Dodge, can use custom fittings to make installation of the transmission cooler easier and faster.
No. For most vehicles you will use an Insta-dapt fitting a that is included with the transmission cooler and that connects directly to the OEM transmission cooler. Then the rubber hose going to the aftermarket transmission cooler is clamped to the fitting, and the hose coming from it is slipped over the original line and clamped. Or, the Insta-dapt is installed in-line between an OEM hose and the transmission cooler hose.
In addition, some vehicles will require that you cut and flare the OEM steel or aluminum transmission return line and then clamp the transmission cooler hoses directly to the two ends of the cut line. Note: Many installers prefer this type of installation because they already have the cutting and flaring tools and no extra fittings are needed.
For more information, see our transmission cooler installation video.
Special fittings are designed to make it easier and faster to install a transmission cooler. Most vehicles for which fittings are available have either snap-in fittings or threaded flare fittings that can be used to connect the rubber hoses going to and coming from the aftermarket transmission cooler in-line with the transmission's return line and the OEM transmission cooler.
Our year-make-model fitguide will list the special fittings needed for a specific vehicle if they are available from our supplier. This is why transmission coolers are listed in the fitguide on our website.
A hose barb is the part of a fitting that the rubber hose slides over, as on part # D98200. The hose barb is then secured with a hose clamp. Often the transmission cooler will have hose barb fittings for connecting the rubber hoses to it.
NPT stands for National Pipe Thread, which is a standard for threaded fittings in the plumbing industry. Much like AN (Army-Navy) fitting, it is a way of identifying the type and size of fittings needed for an installation application.
A transmission cooler is a flow-through device and is not designed specifically for any particular year, make and model. Any cooler can be used on any vehicle with an automatic transmission, provided that it will fit in the location where the customer wants to install it. Year-make-model fittings are available for some vehicles to make it easier to install the coolers. You can use the fitguide to determine whether or not a vehicle can use a custom fitting.
Yes. The installer will need to determine how to install the cooler on the vehicle. Any of the installation procedures explained previously can be used. We do not list a transmission cooler if we do not have information from the transmission cooler manufacturer or when the vehicle manufacturer does not recommend installing a transmission cooler on the vehicle.
Yes. You can install all three on the vehicle. You would need three separate coolers and have the space needed to install each one. We carry some dual-function coolers (see part # D15321), that can be used for two of these functions. These are basically two separate coolers in one with an inlet and outlet for two different fluids.
Yes. If you are installing more than one cooler you will need to carefully consider the fit. As long as there is enough room, it is possible to install all three coolers.
Transmission coolers do not attach to the radiator. They attach in-line with the transmission fluid return line. It is common for an OEM transmission cooler to be built into the radiator tank to be cooled by the coolant in the radiator.
No. The cooler can be installed with the hose fittings in any position that will make the installation easier or look more professional on the vehicle. It does not matter which fitting on the cooler is used for the inlet or outlet.
Oil coolers are optional. Many people choose an oil cooler when their towing application is heavy duty, such as towing a fifth-wheel trailer or gooseneck trailer. The oil cooler is based on the same flow-through principle as the transmission cooler. It is installed in-line with the vehicle's oil delivery system, and then the oil pump pushes oil through the cooler and back into the engine. If a vehicle manufacturer recommends an oil cooler for towing, then it would be needed for that vehicle. The customer should check the vehicle owner's manual.
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